How Does the BIDA® System Work?
The BIDA® System is a bioreactor that utilizes both physical and biological processes to provide secondary treatment. Physical filtration is provided by system medias which also cultivate a rich biomass of bacteria and worms for biological filtration.
Telemetry Monitoring & Control
Using a network of sensors and control panels, BioFiltro remotely tracks system performance and water quality parameters. Adjustments to system loadings can be made over the cloud to guarantee optimum performance.
Solid separators are installed to prevent large solids from reaching the BIDA® System. Captured organic solids are transferred to secondary vermicomposting bins while water flows into an equalization tank where sensors monitor constituents such as pH and flow while bacteria is added as a nutritional supplement.
An automated irrigation system disperses wastewater across the entire surface of the BIDA® System. Gravity pulls the water through layers of wood shavings and river cobble before final discharge. Due to the rapid 4-hour process, the bioreactor is virtually odorless and requires minimum storage capacity.
Earthworms & Microbial Bacteria
BioFiltro inoculates the surface of plant with an industry specific mix of worms and bacteria to achieve maximum reduction efficiencies on parameters such as BOD, TSS, FOG, Total Nitrogen, TDS, Ammonia, and Phosphorus. The burrowing worms create air channels, digest suspended solids, and can achieve densities of 12,000 worms per cubic yard. For seasonal clients, the biomass survives off of the carbon-based wood shavings during the off season.
Sustainable & Natural Byproducts
BioFiltro´s patented BIDA® System enable clients to filter water onsite, converting wastewater into a reusable asset and contaminants into a natural and nutritious fertilizer with high microbial count.
- Nitrification Denitrification
- Equipment Vendor
- Concentrated Nutrients
Technology Strengths,Weaknesses and Critical Indicators
- No saleable product produced in most systems
- Vermiculture and some other technologies do produce salable by-products (i.e. worms and worm castings)
- Traditional and modified forms exist with years of experience treating municipal wastewater
- Uses large, multiple reaction chambers seeded with both anaerobic and aerobic bacteria
- Traditional concerns are capital cost, requiring large dedicated tanks and large power consumption for aeration.
- Proven technology for phosphorous recovery, storage reduction, GHG reduction, odor control and pathogen reduction
- This technology loses nitrogen as non-reactive nitrogen gas
The BioFiltro system has several dairy related projects worldwide a demonstration project located at Fanelli Dairy Hilmar, California and a full scale system installed at Royal Dairy of Royal City, Washington.
For the demonstation project BioFiltro partnered with Sustainable Conservation to demonstrate the BIDA® System's applicability to the dairy industry. The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service provided a $483,950 dollar grant to help finance the project and air and water studies executed by the University of California Davis, Denele Analytical Labs, as well as an economic feasibility study by the California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo were completed. The project goal was to observe the BIDA® System's potential to protect groundwater from nitrogen overload via its removal efficiency of Total Nitrogen from dairy lagoon water.
The demonstration system was studied by several universities but the results of these studies are not yet available to the public. The volume of manure present and the mechanism of breaking down the organic material and collecting the worm castings would indicate that this may not be a pratical solution for large volumes and the economics will need to prove that it can be cost effective.
In 2015, BioFiltro inaugurated its first US commercial scale facility and they indicate that they are scaling their current BIDA® System to 200,000 GPD to treat wastewater from approximately 7,000 milking cows. According to their website, this system averages 93% removal of Total Nitrogen, 97% removal of Total Suspended Solids, and 90% removal of Total Phosphorus.
The BioFiltro website also indicates that for qualified clients, BioFiltro offers a lease-to-own model in which BioFiltro finances the plant construction and charges a fixed flat annual fee for treatment. According to BioFiltro, the client incurs zero risk and enjoys a comprehensive performance guarantee.
Newtrient will continue to work with BioFiltro to further refine the cost and performance information as more information comes in with new commercial dairy installations.